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26-03-2020 14:08

PLANTING GUIDE HYBRID SMOOTH LUFFA F1 – MELO 59

                                (GOLDEN COIN SEEDS)

I/ Features:

 - Very strong plant, very branchy.

 - Harvesting: 43 - 44 days after sowing.

 - Fruit size: 28 - 33 cm length, 4.3 - 4.4 cm diameter.

 - Fruit characteristics: light green skin with deep green stripes, very firm fruit.

 - Yield: 6 - 6.5 kg/plant.

I/ Sowing density:

Distance

Double row per bed

Single row per bed

Bed distance

4.8 m

2.4 m

Plant distance

0.5 – 0.6 m

0.5 – 0.6 m

Density

690 - 830 plants/1000m2

690 – 830 plants/1000m2

III/ Soaking and incubation seeds:

1. Scrape a angle of seed coat with a scissors or knife.

2. Prepare warm water 50 – 52oC:

Mixing 40% boiling water (95 – 100oC) with 60% fresh water (25 – 30oC) got from drilled well or water faucet.

3. Soaking seeds:

Soak the seeds in warm water as prepared in 4 – 5 hours.

4. Incubation seeds:

Get the towel or T - shirt (or fabrics can be moisturizing), washed, squeezed just enough moisture (about 80 – 85%).

Get the seeds as soaked spread thin on the towels, then put these towels in dark, warm place (around  28 – 30oC).

5. Sowing seeds:

After 20 – 24 hours, the seeds will germinate, please sow these seeds in the nursery. Sow the germinated seeds to pots have enviroment including: 2 parts of muck + 1 part of soil. After sowing seeds get filled environment and sufficient moisture for irrigation.

Wash the seeds have not germinated and towels then incubated again, about 12 hours later, the seeds will germinate, continue sowing.

IV/ Planting and maintenance:

1. Fertilizers (for 1.000 m2):

Fertilizer application for cultivation depends on geographic conditions, however, we recommend applying the following guides are applied very effectively to many growing areas for you refer and apply.

* Quantity:

Muck:    4 m3

Super phosphate:  40 kg

Urea :  22 kg

Lime:   50 kg

NPK 16-16-8:        50 kg

DAP:      5 kg

KCl:     27 kg

 

 

* Application:

Times

Stages

Quantity

Basal

At tillage

4 m3 muck + 40 kg super phosphate + 19 kg NPK + 12,5 kg KCl + 50 kg Lime

Side dressing at vegetative stage

10, 21 days after sowing

2 kg Urea + 4 kg NPK + 2,5 kg DAP

Side dressing at fruiting stage

32, 42, 50, 60 days after sowing

3 kg Urea + 2 kg NPK + 2,5 kg KCl

70, 80, 90 days after sowing

2 kg Urea + 5 kg NPK + 1,5 kg KCl

* Notes:

  • Should be applied lime at tillage to increase fertilizer efficiency.

  • Should be applied fertilizer far enough from the plant foot, deep enough (6 – 7 cm) to increase fertilizer efficiency.

  • Should be weeding combined with fertilizing times to increase fertilizer efficiency.

  • Should be fertilizing timely and properly follow recommended.

  • In the dry season, to add some micronutrients fertilizer: MgSO4 (2 kg), MnSO4 (4 kg), Borax (1,5 kg)/1000m2 basal in soil or used Magnisal, Botrac…spray to the

2. Cut the tops: To abundant havest, should be cut these tops when there are 5 – 7 leaves on the seedling.

3. Vine Training: when the plants have branches, should guide them upwards to the trellis like herringbone shape to save space and to facilitate the plants protection, as well as set more fruit.

V/ Plant protection:

Downy mildew:

Damaging all the crop, if not timely treatment the disease spreads rapidly and kills the plants.

Preventing and treating: after planting 25 – 30 days, should spraying prevent every 5 – 6 days, rotating with the following chemicals: Cymoxanil 8% + Mancozeb 64%, Metiram Complex (min 85%), Ethaboxam (min 99,6%), Citrus Oil, Chlorothalonil (min 98%),....

* Powdery mildew:

It usually occurs when there is high moisture and a temperature of about 22 – 27°C, is harmful in the highlands, the weather is more fog, special in winter-spring crop.

Preventing and treating by rotating spray with the following chemicals to two sides of the leaves: Imipemconazole (min 98,3%), Chlorothelonil (min 98%), Mancozeb (min 98%), Ethabosan (min 99,6%), Coper Oxychloride 50% + Metalaxyl 8%,…

* Anthracnose:

Preventing and treating by rotating spray with the following chemicals: Propinep (min 80%),Chlorothalonil (min 98%), Mancozeb 64%,…

* Borer group:

Is harmful in vegetative period.

Preventing and treating by rotating spray in late afternoon with the following chemicals: Chlorantraniliprole (min 93%), Indoxarb, Emamectin Benzoate (Avermectin B1a 90% + Avermectin B1b 10% ), Chlorfenapyr (min 94%), Flubendiamide (min 95%),…

* Leafminer:

Very harmful in the dry season, when the weather is dry.

Preventing and treating by rotating spray with the following chemicals: Cyromazine (min 95%), Imidacloprid, Alphacypermethrin,…

* Suck group:

Thrips, hoppers, aphids... suck resin and transmitting Viral disease.

Preventing and treating by rotating spray with the following chemicals to the lower side of the leaves and on top of the plants: Chlorpyrifos Methyl (min 96%), Dinotefuran (min 89%), Clothianidin,

 * Notes:

  • Fungicide should be sprayed at old leaves, pesticide should be sprayed at young leaves.

  • Pesticide should carefully sprayed at the lower side of the leaves./

 

We wish you the best harvest with seeds of Golden Coin!

 
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 Address: 23-25, Street No. 20, Binh Hung Hoa Ward, Binh Tan Dist, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

     Tel: (+84) 28 3765 9166            Fax: (+84) 28 3765 9169             Tax code: 0305 905 123

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